Monday, September 15, 2014

DISEASES DUE TO DEFICIENCY OF VITAMINS:

Vitamin/ Mineral ------- DEFICIENCY DISEASE
[1] Vitamin A(Retinol) --------- Night blindness; reduced hair growth in children; loss of apetite; dry, rough skin; lowered resistance to infection; dry eyes.

[2] Vitamin D -------- Rickets in children; bone softening in adults; osteoporosis.

[3] Vitamin E -------- Rare, seen primarily in premature or low birth weight babies or children who do not absorb fat properly. Causes nerve abnormalities.

[4] Vitamin K (Thiamine) ------- Defective blood coagulation.

[5] Vitamin B1 --------- Anxiety; hysteria; depression; muscle cramps; loss of appetite; in extreme cases beriberi (mostly in alcoholics).

[6] Vitamin B2(Niacin) ------- Cracks and sores around the mouth and nose; visual problems.

[7] Vitamin B3 ------- In extreme cases, pellagra, a disease characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea and mouth sores.

[8] Vitamin B6(Pyridoxine) ------- Anemia, irritability, patches of itchy, scaling skin; convulsions.

[9] Vitamin B12(Cyanocobalamin) --------- Pernicious anemia; nerve damage. (Note: Deficiency rare except in strictvegetarians, the elderly or people with malabsorption disorders.)

[10] Biotin ------- Seborrhicdermatitis in infants. Rare in adults, but can be induced by consuming large amounts of egg whites – anorexia, nausea, vomiting, dry scaly skin.

[11] Folic Acid ------- Impaired cell division; anemia; diarrhea; gastrointestinal upsets.

[12] Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid) ------- Muscle weakness, bleeding gums; easy bruising. In extreme cases, scurvy.

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